TÜRKÇE
  Updated: 11/05/2018

(Chapter 22) Regional Policy and Coordination of Structural Instruments

CHAPTER 22: "REGIONAL POLICY AND COORDINATION OF STRUCTURAL INSTRUMENTS"

Chapter Content

Regional Policy is mainly about reducing socio-economic disparities between the regions.

Coordination of Structural Instruments covers establishment of institutional and administrative structures and implementation of general regulations and specific regulations related to each Structural Funds and Cohesion Fund which are the financial instruments of EU.

Various legal arrangements in the areas of programming, administrative structuring, capacity building at central and local level and financial management and control to establish institutional structure and strengthen the administrative capacity for programming, project preparation, monitoring, evaluation and financial management and control in order to implement Structural Instruments (Structural Funds and Cohesion Fund) which will come up with the membership. The related regulations for Structural Instruments have been presented as follows;

1. European Regional Development Fund (ERDF)

2. Cohesion Fund

3. European Social Fund

4. European Grouping of Territorial Cooperation (EGTC)

5. European Agricultural Fund for Rural Development (EAFRD)

6. European Maritime and Fisheries Fund (EMFF)

 

For detailed information click here.

 

In this chapter the acquis do not require transposition into national legislation. However, it is envisaged that administrative and legal arrangements have to be performed in terms of effective use of Structural Instruments through the principles and mechanism given in the regulations.

IPA (Instrument for Pre-Accession Assistance) is a financial mechanism developed by the EU for the candidate countries of the Union, including Turkey, in which all financial aid provided until now is under a single framework. IPA covers the financial period 2007-2013 and the main purpose in this process is the establishment of the necessary administrative and institutional structure during the transitional period until the country comes to the position to use Structural Funds. IPA is composed of 5 components while the components 3 (Regional Development) and 4 (Human Resources Development) are within the scope of this chapter.

The chapter was opened to negotiations on 5 November 2013.

EU Regional Policy

The European Union has needed to develop "Regional Policy" in order to decrease socio-economic disparities among member states and among regions in the same country, and to ensure both socio-economic integration and cohesion. Regional Policy has been at the agenda of the European Union as a common policy since 1975 Treaty of Rome with the aim to achieve development by eliminating the disparities among its regions.

With the last enlargement the EU is composed of 27 countries, 271 regions and has a population of 493 million. Accordingly, disparities among regions have increased and with this enlargement process Regional Policies have come to the forefront. Moreover approximately ¾ of the EU acquis is being implemented at the local and regional level.

The objectives of the EU's new regional policy for 2007-2013 are listed below. For this period the allocation amount to the target regions through different funds will be 347 billion Euro.

Objective 1: Cohesion

 

84 regions whose GNP is below 75% of EU average, population of 154 million, amount of allocation is 282.8 billion Euro. 16 regions with a total of 16.4 million population and a GDP only slightly above the threshold (phasing-out).

 

  

Objective 2: Regional Competitiveness and Employment

 

168 regions, population of 314 million, amount of allocation is 55 billion Euro. 13 regions which has a former status as "Objective 1" regions are now in Objective 2 (phasing-in), population of 19 million.

 

 

Objective 3: European Regional Cooperation

 

Population of 181.7 million, 13 transnational co-operation areas, amount of allocation is 8.7 billion Euro.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

For detailed information: http://ec.europa.eu/regional_policy/policy/object/index_en.htm

Progress Under the Framework of the Chapter

 

Since this chapter includes work done for the decreasing of the socio-economic disparities among the regions, the acquis under this chapter requires institutional and administrative structuring and effective implementation of the related regulations. The progress which has been done so far is as follows;

Designation of Nomenclature of Territorial Units for Statistics (NUTS) Regions in line with the EU Regional Statistical System both to comply with EU Regional Policies and to use the pre-accession financial supports for regional development had been performed. These are Level I (12 regions), Level II (26 regions) and Level III (81 provinces). These regions which were determined by the decision of Council of Ministers in 28.08.2002. The detailed list of NUTS Regions of Turkey can be reached here.
 
The Law No. 5449 on the establishment of Development Agencies in NUTS Level II regions with the aim of putting in place the legal frameworkl was entered into force at the beginning of 2006. Within this framework, İzmir and Çukurova Development Agencies were established firstly and began to operate in July 2006. With the Council of Ministers decisions on the establishment of 8 Development Agencies in November 2008 and 16 Development Agencies in July 2009, the legal process for the establishment of DAs at 26 NUTS Level II regions was completed.

Various legal arrangements in the areas of programming, administrative structuring, capacity building at central and local level and financial management and control for institutional structuring and strengthening the administrative capacity in order to use the pre-accession financial supports (IPA) and to implement Structural Instruments (Structural Funds and Cohesion Fund) which will come up with the membership.

Turkey has established its institutional structure for the implementation of IPA which is pre-curser for the Structural Instruments (Structural Funds and Cohesion Fund) that will be used with the membership and the implementation has started regarding IPA period 2007-2013. IPA is composed of five components in total, while IPA III (Regional Development) and IPA IV (Development of Human Resources) are in the scope of this Chapter.

The Relevant Directorate within the Ministry for EU Affairs

Directorate of Social, Regional and Innovative Policies

Director: Sinan AYHAN

Phone: +90 312 218 14 20

Fax: +90 312 218 15 81

E-mail: sayhan@ab.gov.tr 

28.11.2000 (Brussels)
07.06.2001 (Ankara)
27.06.2002 (Brussels)
06.07.2004 (Ankara)
05.07.2005 (Brussels)
15.02.2007 (Ankara)
28.02.2008 (Brussels)
03.03.2009 (Ankara)
10.03.2010 (Brussels)
03.03.2011 (Ankara)
06.03.2012 (Brussels)

"Regional Development, Social Policy and Employment" Sub-Committee No:7 Meeting:

Screening Meetings:
Presentations of the Explanatory Screening Meetings (11-12 September 2006)
Presentations of the Detailed Screening Meetings (9-10 October 2006)
Answers to the Questions of the European Commission in the Screening Meetings
Screening Report (It has been discussing at the EU Council of Ministers)

Information related with the Chapter 22 in the Principle Documents of the Accession Negotiations : /index.php?p=123&l=1

Relevant Projects:

 

Project Year/No  

  Project Title

Beneficiary Institution

State of Play

MEDA (2001)

GAP Development Programme

GAP Regional Development Administration

Completed

MEDA (2001)

Eastern Anatolia Development Programme

State Planning Organization

Completed

TR 2003.05.02

Samsun, Erzurum and Kastamonu NUTS Level II Regional Development Programmes (SKE)

State Planning Organization

Completed

TR 2003.05.01

Project of Support to Development of Institutional and Administrative Capacity of SPO's Directorate General for Regional Development and Structural Adjustment for Strengthening Institutional and Administrative Capacity

State Planning Organization

Completed

TR 2004.05.01

Project of Support for Implementation of Preliminary National Development Programme and Preparation for Structural Funds

State Planning Organization

Completed

TR 2004.05.02

Ağrı, Malatya, Konya, Kayseri NUTS Level II Regional Development Programmes (AKKM)

State Planning Organization

Completed

TR 2005.02.02

Trabzon NUTS Level II Regional Development Programme (DOKAP)

State Planning Organization

Completed

TR 2005.02.03

Support to the Solution of Economic and Social Integration Problems in Major In-Migrant Destinations

Diyarbakır, Şanlıurfa, Gaziantep and Erzurum Local Administrations

Completed

TR 2005.02.01

TA for Management and Programming of Regional Development Programmes and Support for Foundation and Functioning of Regional Development Agencies

State Planning Organization

Completed

TR 2006.02.05

Support to the Solution of Economic and Social Integration Problems in İstanbul, İzmir, Ankara and Bursa as Major In-Migrant Destinations

İstanbul, Ankara, İzmir and Bursa Local Administrations

Completed

TR 2009/0322.01

Capacity-Building in the Areas of Economic and Social Cohesion (Phase II)

Ministry of Development

Continuing

 

 


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