Updated: 11/05/2018

(Chapter 20) Enterprise and Industrial Policy




Content of the Chapter

EU’s enterprise and industrial policy has three policy sets; namely, enterprise policy, industrial policy, and sector specific measures that aim at raising competitiveness.  It is composed of policy principles established by Commission communications, recommendations and Council decisions.

These principles aim at ensuring structural adjustment, creating the best environment for business, increasing internal and external investments, supporting small and medium sized enterprises (SME) and  research and development (R&D)/innovation activities and  entrepreneurship. Enterprise and industrial policy chapter crosscuts different horizontal policy areas. The objective of this chapter is providing the best business environment for establishment and viability, enhancing entrepreneurial spirit of enterprises, and raising the competitiveness level of them irrespective of scale, sector and legal status and position, and in a harmony with EU’s sustainable development targets.

SMEs in EU are considered as the driving force behind economic growth and job creation which results in full support of SMEs in entrepreneurship, innovation and competitiveness activities. Moreover, the creation of a strong industrial base across Europe is given utmost importance as a key to protect the basic dynamics of European economy for a sustainable and stable economy and full employment.

Within the scope of enterprise and industrial policy chapter, sectoral policies, on the other hand, aim at making competitiveness analysis of specific sectors and starting specific initiatives to provide solutions for different sectoral problems. These sector specific initiatives include establishment of high-level groups, policy forums, workshops, panels and activities for network creation.

Although the legislation on the scope of the chapter has been rather non-compulsory, it covers the directive 2011/7/EU on Combating Late Payment in Commercial Transactions, which requires harmonization among member states.


Information on Chapter Negotiations

Enterprise and industrial policy chapter constitutes the 20th chapter of the EU-Turkey negotiation process. Screening meetings were held respectively on 27-28 March 2006 and 4-5 May 2006. Screening report of the chapter was transmitted to Turkey on 18 September 2006; the chapter is open to negotiations since 29 March 2007. Accroding to the common position of the EU, the chapter has one technical closing criterion: Turkey prepares a revised industrial policy strategy, aiming at strenghtening Turkey's industrial competitiveness.

Turkish Industrial Strategy Paper (2011-2014): Towards EU Membership” was prepared under the coordination of Ministry of Science, Industry and Technology. High Planning Council approved the strategy on 7 December 2010. It was published in Official Gazette and put into action on 27 January 2011. The strategy paper included seven sectoral competitiveness reports including automotive, machinery, white goods, textiles, electronics, and food industry and iron-steel. The Commission officially informed Turkey on 14 April 2011 that the Commission assesses the technical benchmark fulfilled; however this does not prejudge the assessment to be made by the Council according to the established procedure. For now, Turkey is technically ready to temporarily close the chapter.


Turkish Industrial Strategy Document has been successfully implemented for the years 2011-2014. It has been renewed for the period 2015-2018 and new “Turkish Industrial Strategy Paper (2015-2018)” has been published in Official Gazette No: 29397 of 25 June 2015.



Related Directorate of Ministry of EU Affairs

Directorate of Social, Regional and Innovative Policies

Director: Sinan AYHAN

Telephone: +90 312 218 14 20

Fax: +90 312 218 15 81

E-mail: sayhan@ab.gov.tr


Institutional Information on Chapter Coordinators

Ministry of Science, Industry and Technology

Deputy Undersecretary Yunus Emre KARAOSMANOĞLU


Ministry of Development

Deputy Undersecretary Yılmaz TUNA


Screening Meetings

Introductory Screening Meeting Presentations (27-28 March 2006)

Detailed Screening Meeting Presentations (4-5 May 2006)

The Answers Given To European Commission at Screening Meetings

Screening Report



7 December 2000-Brussels

16 May 2001- Istanbul

17 July 2002- Brussels

31 October 2003- Ankara

19 April 2005 –Brussels

28 December 2006 - Ankara

26 December 2007 – Brussels

25 December 2008- Ankara

24 December 2009- Brussels

30 December 2010- Ankara

17 February 2012- Brussels

16 December 2015-Brussels  


Related Projects:


Project Title

Source and Year of The Program

Concrete Outcomes

Strengthening Administrative Capacity of Ministry of  Industry and Trade (MIT) in industrial strategy

AB, 2009TR 09 0320.01

To adopt a revised comprehensive industrial policy strategy and increasing implementation capacity of MoSIT

Expansion of the European Turkish Business Centres Network (EETBC)

AB,2006TR 0602.06

To establish EETBC, support and education for enterprises,  

Industrial Restructuring of Sanliurfa

AB, 2006TR 0602.08

To prepare an integrated development plan for SanlıUrfa and restructure the organized industrial zone and support enterprises

Small Enterprises Loan Programme, 2nd Phase (SELP II)

AB, 2005TR 0502.08

To make available permanent access to loans (particularly long-term loans) at close to market prices.

Supporting women entrepreneurship

AB, 2005PF 05 02.09

To support women entrepreneurship and to get them to play a more active role in business

Development of a clustering policy in Turkey

AB,2005TR 05 02.07

To develop a comprehensive and visionary clustering policy that contributes to the sustainable social, environmental and economic development in Turkey.

Fashion and Textile Cluster (FTC) - Phase II

AB, 2005TR 05 02.06

To increase the international competitiveness of SMEs active in textile and clothing sector, to improve their productivity and their share in total added value, alongside SME Strategy and Action Plan and to strengthen innovative capacity with respect to the National Development Plan (NDP) in line with the SME policy of the EC.

Fashion and Textile Cluster

AB, 2003TR 03 05.04

To increase the international competitiveness of SMEs active in textile and clothing sector, establishment of “Fashion and Textile Cluster”

Small Enterprises Loan Programme


To make available permanent access to loans at close to market prices.




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